Painter, draughtsman and teacher, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. He studied at Southampton College of Art, 1949, and Bath Academy of Art, Corsham, 1952–6, teachers including Peter Lanyon, William Scott and Martin Froy. Among mixed exhibitions were RWA of which he was a member, 1978, and RA, and he had a series of solo shows. Wadham and St Catherine’s Colleges in Oxford as well as the New Zealand government hold his work. Became head of art at Bristol Cathedral School. Lived at Englishcombe, Bath, Somerset.